Cocktails | Liquor Trolley | Glossary of Terms


Whisky - Whiskey- is a type of distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grain mash. Different grains are used for different varieties, including barley, malted barley, rye, malted rye, wheat, and corn. Whisky is typically aged in wooden casks, made generally of charred white oak. There are four major original styles:  

Scotch Whisky:- (often referred to simply as "Scotch") is malt whisky or grain whisky made in Scotland. All Scotch whisky was originally made from malt barley. Commercial distilleries began introducing whisky made from wheat and rye in the late eighteenth century.
All Scotch whisky must be aged in oak barrels for at least three years. Any age statement on a bottle of Scotch whisky, expressed in numerical form, must reflect the age of the youngest whisky used to produce that product.
Scotch Categories
American Whiskey:- is a distilled beverage produced in the United States from a fermented mash of cereal grain which must contain 51% of that grain if mentioned on the label. The exception is corn whisky which must contain at least 80% corn (maize). The production and labelling of American whiskey are strictly governed by the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations.
Outside of the United States, various other countries recognize certain types of American whiskey, such as Bourbon and Tennessee whiskey, as indigenous products of the United States that must be produced (although not necessarily bottled) in the United States.
American Styles
Irish Whiskey:- must have been distilled on the island of Ireland and the spirits shall have been matured in wooden barrels (sherry casks) in warehouses on the island of Ireland for at least three years.
The process for making Irish whiskey differs from that used to make Scotch or Bourbon. The barley is dried and ground with a small proportion of green malt and other cereal, hen mashed with boiling water in a mash tun. The mashing is repeated four times, producing the worts which are allowed to ferment. The wort is then distilled for a minimum of two times, but usually three times which then results in whiskey.
Irish Whiskey was the original liquor to be used in making liqueur coffees (The Irish Coffee).
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Canadian Whisky:- is a type of whisky produced in Canada. Most Canadian whiskies are blended multi-grain liquors containing a large percentage of corn spirits, and are typically lighter and smoother than other whisky styles. Because rye was once a standard ingredient in Canadian whisky, the terms "rye whisky" and "Canadian whisky" are often used interchangeably in Canada. According to the laws of Canada, a Canadian whisky must be mashed, distilled and aged in Canada and the alcohol content of the spirits used may exceed 90%